Popular uprisings are collective responses to injustices, undemocratic, suppressive and oppressive..............
ENDGAME OF PFDJ (PART V11)
BY AMARE GEBREMARIAM GEBRE
Through out modern history popular forces motivated bay radical democratic ideals have thought to combat structures of hierarchy and domination. Sometimes they succeed in attaining freedom and justice, other times they simply get crushed. Popular uprising have been going on through out history as in the French revolution, Bolshevik revolution, tea party revolution [taxation without representation] of the US against the British Empire.
Popular uprisings are collective responses to injustices, undemocratic, suppressive and oppressive systems that deny people equal treatment and deprive them of equal opportunities and rulers that fail to be governed even by their own laws, lack human decency and fairness. Although popular uprisings anywhere could have universal similarities as far as causes and effects are concerned, each country could have different dynamics and unique perspectives. They also have different goals and objectives. For some, it is a call for reform, for others it could be change of leadership, still for others it can be a call for change of government and for others it could be a demand for a whole new system.
Eritreans are prisoners in their own country. They are deprived of the following basic survival or necessity, above all their political rights:
No human being would like to tolerate or is prone to hardship or oppression, but if there is no other means you live with it or bear with it till the opportunity knocks the door. “For every thing under the sun there is a remedy or none, if there is one try to find it and if there is none never mind it” Eritrean are trying to find the demise of dictatorship, but are we following the right strategy or path?
The solution to the political crisis is also the path to the solution of the survival crisis.
Group of veteran Eritrean even put the dictator under their custody for some hours in 1993 with the demand for democratization, but that lucked planning and fizzled in minutes.
Villagers at different provinces ofEritrearevolted to protect their land, but every time end up in jail with out justice.
The disabled Eritrean war heroes demonstrated inAsmarademanding their right and their answer from the dictator was the bullet to their face.
Eritreans of different walks of life are trying to get rid of dictatorship, but did not make a dent. Why? I would say luck of being organized the right way. What are we doing in the opposition? Trying to tackle dictatorship under different banners of nationalism that lead to mistrust, false unity of action, allows intervention, competition for leadership position, etc.
ERITREAN OPPOSITION NATIONALISM BANNERS
Nationalism is an official state ideology or a popular non-state movement. The Eritrean opposition today is organized under four nationalism banners.
RELIGIOUS NATIONALISM- defines the nation in terms of shared religion. They believe political legitimacy derives from religious doctrines which is more of theocracy than a nation- state. The TADAMU front which is formed of four political organizations that are members of EDA to some extent fit into this banner of nationalism with the exception of ELF. The three fronts of TADAMU are mostly advocators of religion, their members are only Moslems and in some areas they desire to establishSharia law.
DIASPORA NATIONALISM- This is organization of people away from their home land of origin. The civic societies, youth organizations, and others who have loose relationship with the political organization and less committed to the struggle fall into this category.
CIVIC OR STATE NATIONALISM- Bases its political legitimacy on the active participation of its citizens. It is believed that people lead harmonious nation-state under such banner. All concepts of democracy could be satisfied under such setting compared to the other nationalism types. The Eritrean political organizations that I reluctantly put under this type of nationalism include Eritrean Salvation front, Sagm, Eritrean Revolutionary Democratic front, EPDP, ELF, etc.
ETHNIC NATIONALISM- Defines the nation in terms of ethnicity. Political legitimacy in this type set of identity is based on ethnic group that might affect cohesiveness the diversity of the nation-state. Ethnic nationalism glorifies ethnicity prior to nation- state. Red Sea Afar front, Kunama Liberation front, Al-Nahda Party, Saho Biher organization fit into the ethnic nationalism. The Red Sea Afar front allows only Afar ethnic group to be members so does the Kunama front, the Saho Biher and the Al-Nahda members are from the Jeberti Tigrigna speakers.
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OR DIS ADVANTAGES
Eritreais multi-ethnic, multi-religion multi-lingual nation state. Eritrean societies have been and are living harmoniously and the only problem in the country is political crisis. There is brutal dictator that knows no religion, no ethnicity, no language, but his grip of power in the country. I see no advantage, but disadvantage organizing along those lines of nationalism to get rid off the dictatorial regime.
It is not a matter of semantics or different approach that the opposition organizations are defining the brutal dictatorship inEritreain a different way. It is because they identify themselves differently. The religious organizations define the dictator as Christian regime because they identify themselves as religious group rather as citizenry of a nation- state. The Ethnic nationalists define the dictator as Tigrigna regime because they identify themselves as ethnic group rather as a citizen of the nation-state. If we in the opposition do not organize ourselves as a democratic nation-state in mind it is hard to have cohesive strategy for victory.
Dialogue, negotiation, compromise, seminar, conference and congress are means politicians use to bridge difference of political opinion, differences of strategy for action, difference of political program. To bridge the gap one has to identify the problem, but to try to use them because others use those shows weakness of leadership.
In August 2011 Eritrean had a conference inEthiopia. The issues for discussion should have been;
Instead the leadership came up with meaningless four paper and ten days of 330 participants was wasted. The conference formed a commission of 53 people that was tasked to organize a “national” congress. This commission drafted constitution, roadmap to nowhere, national charter etc. In November 2011 about 700 Eritrean from 36 political organizations, about 40 civic societies most of them with not more than ten members and individuals attended the congress for ten days. What did they do?
WHAT IS THE RESOLVE
The Coordinating Committee of the Eritrean National Democratic Forces CC/ENDF has put guiding principles on how all the opposition can organize ourselves that can lead us to victory.
We Eritrean have to understand that our diversity is a blessing. Eritrean never experienced social upheaval, but social harmony even with the unfortunate era of chain of colonial powers. To subdue colonialism our armed struggle was organized based on civic nationalism even under the unfortunate civil war the civic nationalism tenet was not compromised. It is therefore high time that Eritreans consider pusuing mainstream politics based on peaceful and civic resistance against tyranny instead of prolonging the life of tyranny by wasting opposition time in vicious circle of dancing to the tune of foreign agenda and the politics of polarization.
Glory to our martyrs